Because some of the clinical symptoms related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovitis, such as joint morning stiffness and gelling, might be related to the effects exerted by the diurnal rhythmicity of the neurohormone melatonin (MLT) on synovial immune cell activation, we decided to evaluate the influence of MLT on the production of IL-12 and nitric oxide (NO) on primary cultures of RA synovial macrophages. Synovial macrophages were also prestimulated with lipopolysaccaride (LPS). Results were compared with those obtained on cultured human myeloid monocytic cells (THP-1). A significant increase in IL-12 (p= 0.01) was found in media of MLT-stimulated synovial macrophages versus RMPI-treated synovial macrophage controls. Interestingly, a significant decrease of IL-12 (p < 0.0001) was observed in media of synovial macrophages previously activated with LPS and then treated with MLT, when compared to synovial macrophages treated with LPS alone. A significant increase in NO levels (p= 0.01) was found in MLT-stimulated synovial macrophages versus RMPI-treated synovial macrophage controls. Interestingly, a nonsignificant increase of NO levels was observed in media of synovial macrophages previously activated with LPS and then treated with MLT, when compared to synovial macrophages treated with LPS alone. Finally, a significant increase in IL-12 (p= 0.03) and NO (p= 0.002) concentrations was observed in media of MLT-stimulated THP-1 cells versus RMPI-treated controls

Effects of melatonin on interleukin – 12 and nitric oxide production by cultured synovial macrophages in rheumatoid arthritis

CUTOLO, MAURIZIO;VILLAGGIO, BARBARA;M. Giusti;FELLI, LAMBERTO;SULLI, ALBERTO;
1998

Abstract

Because some of the clinical symptoms related to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovitis, such as joint morning stiffness and gelling, might be related to the effects exerted by the diurnal rhythmicity of the neurohormone melatonin (MLT) on synovial immune cell activation, we decided to evaluate the influence of MLT on the production of IL-12 and nitric oxide (NO) on primary cultures of RA synovial macrophages. Synovial macrophages were also prestimulated with lipopolysaccaride (LPS). Results were compared with those obtained on cultured human myeloid monocytic cells (THP-1). A significant increase in IL-12 (p= 0.01) was found in media of MLT-stimulated synovial macrophages versus RMPI-treated synovial macrophage controls. Interestingly, a significant decrease of IL-12 (p < 0.0001) was observed in media of synovial macrophages previously activated with LPS and then treated with MLT, when compared to synovial macrophages treated with LPS alone. A significant increase in NO levels (p= 0.01) was found in MLT-stimulated synovial macrophages versus RMPI-treated synovial macrophage controls. Interestingly, a nonsignificant increase of NO levels was observed in media of synovial macrophages previously activated with LPS and then treated with MLT, when compared to synovial macrophages treated with LPS alone. Finally, a significant increase in IL-12 (p= 0.03) and NO (p= 0.002) concentrations was observed in media of MLT-stimulated THP-1 cells versus RMPI-treated controls
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/391375
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