Alassio is a seaside resort of the Western Ligurian Riviera; before the development of tourism began with the construction of the railway line (1871) its landscape was characterized by the plain of vegetable fields and “woods” of orange trees and by the sequence of hillsides and terraces covered with olive trees. During the ninetieth century Alassio became a famous winter resort for foreigners thanks to its landscape and mild climate. The Hanbury family began a process of transformation of the historic agricultural landscape founding an English colony whose luxuriant villa gardens gave a peculiar character to the hillside landscape in the back of the village. Big hotels were built as well having large parks with exotic species which were seen by an international clientele. In Alassio gardens and parks were introduced by foreign travellers species, cultivated in greenhouses in other countries with a colder climate, which naturalized in Riviera. About the middle of the twentieth century the tourist offer reached saturation point with the progressive consumption of landscape; cultivated areas and parks had been replaced by a massive urbanization and by parking areas. The analysis of the tourist development of Alassio points out its state of “ripe” tourist resort whose faster or less fast decline is expected, which requires an inversion of the current trend to prevent the tourists from progressively abandoning the place and to avoid the crisis in the tourist activities. The boost of the “green tourism” can become the innovative strategy which would protect the still existing landscape identity, without any further exploitation of the resources, as well as to be advantageous for the inhabitants. Several proposal for the development of the green tourism in all the four seasons thanks to the favourable climatic conditions which meets different requirements and satisfies several interests using landscape conservation, planning and design tools: -the rehabilitation of bathing establishments with the introduction of spontaneous beach species -the development of the cultural route and visits of villa gardens -the re-use of historic paths with activities related to the traditional agriculture, -to create a local ecological network according to the regional ecological network.

Mass tourism or landscape conservation on the Liguria Riviera. The case study of Alassio

BURLANDO, PATRIZIA;MAZZINO, FRANCESCA
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Abstract

Alassio is a seaside resort of the Western Ligurian Riviera; before the development of tourism began with the construction of the railway line (1871) its landscape was characterized by the plain of vegetable fields and “woods” of orange trees and by the sequence of hillsides and terraces covered with olive trees. During the ninetieth century Alassio became a famous winter resort for foreigners thanks to its landscape and mild climate. The Hanbury family began a process of transformation of the historic agricultural landscape founding an English colony whose luxuriant villa gardens gave a peculiar character to the hillside landscape in the back of the village. Big hotels were built as well having large parks with exotic species which were seen by an international clientele. In Alassio gardens and parks were introduced by foreign travellers species, cultivated in greenhouses in other countries with a colder climate, which naturalized in Riviera. About the middle of the twentieth century the tourist offer reached saturation point with the progressive consumption of landscape; cultivated areas and parks had been replaced by a massive urbanization and by parking areas. The analysis of the tourist development of Alassio points out its state of “ripe” tourist resort whose faster or less fast decline is expected, which requires an inversion of the current trend to prevent the tourists from progressively abandoning the place and to avoid the crisis in the tourist activities. The boost of the “green tourism” can become the innovative strategy which would protect the still existing landscape identity, without any further exploitation of the resources, as well as to be advantageous for the inhabitants. Several proposal for the development of the green tourism in all the four seasons thanks to the favourable climatic conditions which meets different requirements and satisfies several interests using landscape conservation, planning and design tools: -the rehabilitation of bathing establishments with the introduction of spontaneous beach species -the development of the cultural route and visits of villa gardens -the re-use of historic paths with activities related to the traditional agriculture, -to create a local ecological network according to the regional ecological network.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/300379
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