Any set of autonomous workstations, however networked (by a LAN, a MAN, or wireless), can be seen as a collection of networked low cost disks. Such a collection can be operated by proper software so as to provide the abstraction of a single, larger block device, made available to all the participants on a peer-to-peer basis. By adding enough data redundancy, the disk collection as a whole could act as single {\em distributed RAID}, providing capacity and reliability along with the convenient price/performance typical of commodity hard disks. This paper reports about issues of communication performance in a prototype of distributed RAID device called DRAID. DRAID offers storage services under a Single I/O Space (SIOS) block device abstraction. The SIOS feature implies that the storage space is accessible through each of the participant stations, rather than through one or few fixed end-points. The paper focuses on the inefficiency of communication when a client reads data stripes from a number of remote servers in a Gigabit Ethernet LAN. The congestion caused by such many-to-one communication pattern has been faced in multiple ways, but the best result has been obtained by modifying the traditional, and unsuccessful, congestion avoidance policy of TCP/IP.

### Efficient Many-to-one Communication for a Distributed RAID

#### Abstract

Any set of autonomous workstations, however networked (by a LAN, a MAN, or wireless), can be seen as a collection of networked low cost disks. Such a collection can be operated by proper software so as to provide the abstraction of a single, larger block device, made available to all the participants on a peer-to-peer basis. By adding enough data redundancy, the disk collection as a whole could act as single {\em distributed RAID}, providing capacity and reliability along with the convenient price/performance typical of commodity hard disks. This paper reports about issues of communication performance in a prototype of distributed RAID device called DRAID. DRAID offers storage services under a Single I/O Space (SIOS) block device abstraction. The SIOS feature implies that the storage space is accessible through each of the participant stations, rather than through one or few fixed end-points. The paper focuses on the inefficiency of communication when a client reads data stripes from a number of remote servers in a Gigabit Ethernet LAN. The congestion caused by such many-to-one communication pattern has been faced in multiple ways, but the best result has been obtained by modifying the traditional, and unsuccessful, congestion avoidance policy of TCP/IP.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2006
0769525857
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/241197
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