The integration of a Heat Pump (HP) with a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) to control the inlet air temperature has been previously investigated turning out to be a promising technology to meet the requirements imposed by the current electricity generation systems in terms of efficiency and flexibility. If the HP is coupled with a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) in an Inlet Conditioning Unit (ICU), it can be exploited in different modes to enhance the off-design CCGT’s efficiency or to boost the power output at full load. Furthermore, fuel-saving would be reflected in avoided emissions. The optimal sizing of the ICU, as well as an accurate estimation of the benefits, is a complex problem influenced by several factors such as the local climate and electricity market prices. The paper aims to systematically investigate, by means of a Mixed Integer Linear Programming model for optimal dispatch, the feasibility of an ICU integration in different scenarios (EU and US), providing general rules for assessing the concept application in new sites all around the globe. Different electricity markets have been analyzed and classified according to the parameters describing the average and variability of prices, the interdependency with the gas market, the ambient temperature, or the local carbon pricing policy. The most favorable conditions are identified and the dependency of the optimal ICU sizing on the climate and the electricity market is highlighted. The concept appears to be highly profitable in the hot regions with high price variability with an NPV of around 60 M€. Additionally, even in less profitable conditions (i.e., stable low prices in a cold climate), the system is able to increase the operating hours and reduce the economic losses. The performances enhancement described does not imply any environmental cost in terms of CO2 emissions.

COMBINED CYCLE, HEAT PUMP, AND THERMAL STORAGE INTEGRATION: TECHNO-ECONOMIC SENSITIVITY TO MARKET AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS BASED ON A EUROPEAN AND UNITED STATES ASSESSMENT

Vannoni A.;Sorce A.;Massardo A. F.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The integration of a Heat Pump (HP) with a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) to control the inlet air temperature has been previously investigated turning out to be a promising technology to meet the requirements imposed by the current electricity generation systems in terms of efficiency and flexibility. If the HP is coupled with a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) in an Inlet Conditioning Unit (ICU), it can be exploited in different modes to enhance the off-design CCGT’s efficiency or to boost the power output at full load. Furthermore, fuel-saving would be reflected in avoided emissions. The optimal sizing of the ICU, as well as an accurate estimation of the benefits, is a complex problem influenced by several factors such as the local climate and electricity market prices. The paper aims to systematically investigate, by means of a Mixed Integer Linear Programming model for optimal dispatch, the feasibility of an ICU integration in different scenarios (EU and US), providing general rules for assessing the concept application in new sites all around the globe. Different electricity markets have been analyzed and classified according to the parameters describing the average and variability of prices, the interdependency with the gas market, the ambient temperature, or the local carbon pricing policy. The most favorable conditions are identified and the dependency of the optimal ICU sizing on the climate and the electricity market is highlighted. The concept appears to be highly profitable in the hot regions with high price variability with an NPV of around 60 M€. Additionally, even in less profitable conditions (i.e., stable low prices in a cold climate), the system is able to increase the operating hours and reduce the economic losses. The performances enhancement described does not imply any environmental cost in terms of CO2 emissions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1102437
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