Digital health is a relatively new but already important field in which digitalization meets the need to automatically and efficiently solve problems in healthcare to improve the quality of life for patients. The need to efficiently solve some of these problems has become even more pressing due to the Covid-19 pandemic that significantly increased stress and demand on hospitals. Hospitals have long waiting lists, surgery cancellations, and even worse, resource overload—issues that negatively impact the level of patient satisfaction and the quality of care provided. Within every hospital, operating rooms (ORs) are an important unit. The Operating Room Scheduling (ORS) problem is the task of assigning patients to operating rooms, taking into account different specialties, lengths and priority scores of each planned surgery, operating room session durations, and the availability of beds for the entire length of stay both in the Intensive Care Unit and in the wards. A proper solution to the ORS problem is of primary importance for the quality of healthcare service and the satisfaction of patients in hospital environments. In this thesis, we provide several contributions to the ORS problem. We first present a solution to the problem based on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning via modeling and solving approaches using Answer Set Programming (ASP). This first basic solution builds on a previous solution but takes into account explicitly beds and ICU units because in the pandemic we understood how important and limiting they were. Moreover, we also present an ASP solution for the rescheduling problem, i.e., when the off-line schedule cannot be completed for some reasons, and a further extension where surgical teams are also considered. Another technical contribution is a second solution for the basic ORS problem with beds and an ICU unit, whose modeling departs from the guidelines previously used and shows efficiency improvements. Finally, we introduce a web framework for managing ORS problems via ASP that allows a user to insert the main parameters of the problem, solve a specific instance, and show results graphically in real time.

Application of Artificial Intelligence declarative methods for Solving Operating Room Scheduling problems in Hospital Environments

KHAN, MUHAMMAD KAMRAN
2022

Abstract

Digital health is a relatively new but already important field in which digitalization meets the need to automatically and efficiently solve problems in healthcare to improve the quality of life for patients. The need to efficiently solve some of these problems has become even more pressing due to the Covid-19 pandemic that significantly increased stress and demand on hospitals. Hospitals have long waiting lists, surgery cancellations, and even worse, resource overload—issues that negatively impact the level of patient satisfaction and the quality of care provided. Within every hospital, operating rooms (ORs) are an important unit. The Operating Room Scheduling (ORS) problem is the task of assigning patients to operating rooms, taking into account different specialties, lengths and priority scores of each planned surgery, operating room session durations, and the availability of beds for the entire length of stay both in the Intensive Care Unit and in the wards. A proper solution to the ORS problem is of primary importance for the quality of healthcare service and the satisfaction of patients in hospital environments. In this thesis, we provide several contributions to the ORS problem. We first present a solution to the problem based on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning via modeling and solving approaches using Answer Set Programming (ASP). This first basic solution builds on a previous solution but takes into account explicitly beds and ICU units because in the pandemic we understood how important and limiting they were. Moreover, we also present an ASP solution for the rescheduling problem, i.e., when the off-line schedule cannot be completed for some reasons, and a further extension where surgical teams are also considered. Another technical contribution is a second solution for the basic ORS problem with beds and an ICU unit, whose modeling departs from the guidelines previously used and shows efficiency improvements. Finally, we introduce a web framework for managing ORS problems via ASP that allows a user to insert the main parameters of the problem, solve a specific instance, and show results graphically in real time.
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Descrizione: Application of Artificial Intelligence declarative methods
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1095999
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