This paper aims to investigate the effects of geometrical imperfections on the response of a scaled dry-joint arch to the vertical displacement of one support. The arch behaviour was analysed in the large displacement regime using both physical and numerical modelling. The experimental tests were performed on 1:10 small-scale models made of bicomponent composite blocks with dry joints. In order to evaluate the geometrical accuracy of the blocks, two different sets of voussoirs were produced. The numerical simulations were carried out using a finite element (FE) micro-modelling approach, where the arch was modelled as an assembly of very stiff voussoirs connected by nonlinear interfaces. Particular attention was paid to the interface stiffness, which was set so as to tune the numerical model with the experimental evidence. Experimental and numerical results were then compared in terms of collapse mechanism, hinge configuration and ultimate displacement capacity. The imperfections of the physical models were found to significantly affect the arch response.

Effect of Geometrical Imperfections on the Response of Dry-Joint Masonry Arches to Support Settlements

Ferrero, C.;Calderini, C.
2021

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the effects of geometrical imperfections on the response of a scaled dry-joint arch to the vertical displacement of one support. The arch behaviour was analysed in the large displacement regime using both physical and numerical modelling. The experimental tests were performed on 1:10 small-scale models made of bicomponent composite blocks with dry joints. In order to evaluate the geometrical accuracy of the blocks, two different sets of voussoirs were produced. The numerical simulations were carried out using a finite element (FE) micro-modelling approach, where the arch was modelled as an assembly of very stiff voussoirs connected by nonlinear interfaces. Particular attention was paid to the interface stiffness, which was set so as to tune the numerical model with the experimental evidence. Experimental and numerical results were then compared in terms of collapse mechanism, hinge configuration and ultimate displacement capacity. The imperfections of the physical models were found to significantly affect the arch response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1093536
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