High-speed centrifugal compressor requirements include a wide operating range between choking and stall especially for turbocharging applications. The prediction of the stability limit at different speeds is still challenging. In literature, several studies have been published on the phenomena that trigger the compressor instability. However, a comprehensive analysis of criteria that can be used in the first steps of centrifugal compressors design to predict the stability limit is still missing. In previous work the authors have already presented a criterion, so called “Stability Parameter”, to predict the surge line of centrifugal compressors based on a simplified CFD approach that does not require excessive computational resources and that can be efficiently used in the preliminary design phases. The above methodology has demonstrated its accuracy for centrifugal compressors with vaned diffuser, but a lower accuracy has been detected for vaneless diffusers. Before proceeding to identify additional criteria focused on compressors with vaneless diffuser, an in-depth fluid dynamics analysis has been necessary. This analysis has been also carried out through fully 3D unsteady simulations to allow identifying the real phenomena linked to the trigger of the instability of centrifugal compressors. It has been found how these phenomena are strongly related to the rotational speed, in particular have been shown the key role of the volute at high rotational speed.

Criteria for the stability limit prediction of high speed centrifugal compressors with vaneless diffuser: Part I — flow structure analysis

Cravero C.;Marsano D.
2020

Abstract

High-speed centrifugal compressor requirements include a wide operating range between choking and stall especially for turbocharging applications. The prediction of the stability limit at different speeds is still challenging. In literature, several studies have been published on the phenomena that trigger the compressor instability. However, a comprehensive analysis of criteria that can be used in the first steps of centrifugal compressors design to predict the stability limit is still missing. In previous work the authors have already presented a criterion, so called “Stability Parameter”, to predict the surge line of centrifugal compressors based on a simplified CFD approach that does not require excessive computational resources and that can be efficiently used in the preliminary design phases. The above methodology has demonstrated its accuracy for centrifugal compressors with vaned diffuser, but a lower accuracy has been detected for vaneless diffusers. Before proceeding to identify additional criteria focused on compressors with vaneless diffuser, an in-depth fluid dynamics analysis has been necessary. This analysis has been also carried out through fully 3D unsteady simulations to allow identifying the real phenomena linked to the trigger of the instability of centrifugal compressors. It has been found how these phenomena are strongly related to the rotational speed, in particular have been shown the key role of the volute at high rotational speed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1084939
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