The challenge to be able to predict the stability limit in high speed centrifugal compressor is particularly strategic in an initial design phase. Furthermore, to be able to predict the limit massflow rate through the use of simplified numerical models (which does not require excessive computational resources) is very important. In the literature there are several methods to predict the chocking condition, while there is a lack as regards the surge condition. The authors have already presented a criterion to predict the surge line valid for centrifugal compressors with vaned diffuser. Instead those with vaneless diffuser have a very different behavior. For this reason, in the first paper an in-depth fluid dynamic analysis has been carried out, in order to identify the main phenomena linked to the trigger of instability in this type of compressors. This analysis has allowed understanding that the rotational speed is a discriminating factor in the phenomenology. In this second part, using the previous information, different criteria to predict the limit massflow rate for centrifugal compressors with vaneless diffuser are described. All the criteria are based on different simplified CFD approaches that can be routinely used during the design phase.

Criteria for the stability limit prediction of high speed centrifugal compressors with vaneless diffuser: Part II — The development of prediction criteria

Cravero C.;Marsano D.
2020

Abstract

The challenge to be able to predict the stability limit in high speed centrifugal compressor is particularly strategic in an initial design phase. Furthermore, to be able to predict the limit massflow rate through the use of simplified numerical models (which does not require excessive computational resources) is very important. In the literature there are several methods to predict the chocking condition, while there is a lack as regards the surge condition. The authors have already presented a criterion to predict the surge line valid for centrifugal compressors with vaned diffuser. Instead those with vaneless diffuser have a very different behavior. For this reason, in the first paper an in-depth fluid dynamic analysis has been carried out, in order to identify the main phenomena linked to the trigger of instability in this type of compressors. This analysis has allowed understanding that the rotational speed is a discriminating factor in the phenomenology. In this second part, using the previous information, different criteria to predict the limit massflow rate for centrifugal compressors with vaneless diffuser are described. All the criteria are based on different simplified CFD approaches that can be routinely used during the design phase.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1084937
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