Glial cells play important roles in the development and homeostasis of metazoan nervous systems. However, while their involvement in the development and function in the central nervous system (CNS) of vertebrates is increasingly well understood, much less is known about invertebrate glia and the evolutionary history of glial cells more generally. An investigation into amphioxus glia is therefore timely, as this organism is the best living proxy for the last common ancestor of all chordates, and hence provides a window on the role of glial cells development and function at the transition between invertebrates and vertebrates. We report here our findings on amphioxus glia as characterized by molecular probes correlated with anatomical data at the TEM level. The results show amphioxus glial lineages express genes typical of vertebrate astroglia and radial glia and segregate early in development, forming what appears to be a spatially separated cell proliferation zone positioned laterally, between the dorsal and ventral zones of neural cell proliferation. Our study provides strong evidence for the presence of vertebrate-type glial cells in amphioxus while highlighting the role played by segregated progenitor cell pools in CNS development. There are implications also for our understanding of glial cells in a broader evolutionary context and insights into patterns of precursor cell deployment in the chordate nerve cord.
|Titolo della tesi:||Glial cells of the developing amphioxus: a molecular study|
|Data di discussione:||22-apr-2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Tesi di dottorato|