Subitizing allows detecting the quantity of a small set of elements (up to four) with the accuracy of counting and the velocity of estimation. Recent studies have supported a theory which considers subitizing as a visual mechanism of pattern recognition, sensitive to spatial disposition of elements. These studies have found an increase in response rate and accuracy in the assessment of quantity when elements to be enumerated are arranged in an orderly fashion. Whether the numerosity of orderly arranged elements is accessed automatically, without the requirement of attentional resources, is a relevant issue not yet empirically investigated. The current study investigated the relation between subitizing and automaticity in a target detection task where distractors were non-symbolic number stimuli (dot patterns), with two different arrangements, random or canonical (like dice faces), having the same or different numerosity in the number target. We found that with canonical patterns, in the subitizing range, response times were faster in compatible trials, and slower in incompatible trials, compared to random patterns which did not influence response times in any condition. This result revealed that when elements in a visual display form easily recognizable patterns, their numerosity is accessed automatically.
|Titolo:||Subitizing as pattern recognition: evidence for automaticity when non-symbolic number stimuli are canonically arranged|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||07.12 - Altro|