Growth hormone (GH) is essential not only for normal growth during childhood, but also for the acquisition of bone mass and muscle strength in both sexes. This process is completed after the achievement of adult height in the phase of transition from adolescence to adulthood. Adolescents with childhood onset GH deficiency (GHD) show reduction of bone mineral density, decrease in lean body mass, increase in fat mass, and deterioration of the lipid profile. For this reason, continuation of GH replacement therapy in the transition age is recommended in all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of GHD. To confirm the diagnosis of GHD, GH treatment should be discontinued for at least 1 month after the attainment of adult height, and the patient should be re-evaluated for GH secretion. Current guidelines indicate that retesting is not required for those with a transcription factor mutation, more than 3 pituitary hormone deficits, or isolated GHD associated with an identified mutation. The key predictors of persistent GHD are its severity, the presence of additional pituitary hormone deficits, low insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentration, and the presence of structural hypothalamic-pituitary abnormalities Treatment should be initiated with a low dose (0.2-0.5 mg/day s.c.) and then adjusted according to IGF-I concentrations.
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|Titolo:||Growth Hormone Deficiency in the Transition Age|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02.01 - Contributo in volume (Capitolo o saggio)|