In recent years, nanofabrication techniques have shown themselves to have the most promising potential for innovative research on crucial biomolecules for life sciences, such as DNA and RNA. Two main examples are: Firstly, large-scale nanostructuring, effective for engineering innovative biosensors; and secondly, nanopores, intensively exploited for developing fast and inexpensive technologies for DNA sequencing, a major research challenge in the field of biomedicine. In addition to nanopores, nanoslits and nanochannels allow interesting functionalities for the study, processing and sorting of DNA. For example, when a long DNA chain is forced to enter a nanochannel, it stretches, thus acquiring a conformation which allows its genetic information to be optically read. Herein, we have focused on various geometry-based strategies, involving short and long channels, as well as funnels and a series of pit nanostructures, integrated into polymeric lab-on-a-chip models. We have implemented these miniaturized systems in order to study, at single molecule level, the typical conformations of DNA chains in various nano-confinement conditions whilst also observing the dynamic behavior of the long strands in crossing structures with different cross sections. In fact, by taking advantage of polydimethylsiloxane's elasticity, we have developed a strategy for modulating the translocation dynamics of single molecules crossing a nanochannel. Lastly, we have investigated on important applications for life and material sciences of the recent innovative tool which counts and recognizes nanoparticles through a new simultaneous optical and electrical sensing method.

Nanofabrication strategies for influencing biomolecule behavior

P Guida;E Angeli;R Lo Savio;L Repetto;G Firpo;U Valbusa
2016

Abstract

In recent years, nanofabrication techniques have shown themselves to have the most promising potential for innovative research on crucial biomolecules for life sciences, such as DNA and RNA. Two main examples are: Firstly, large-scale nanostructuring, effective for engineering innovative biosensors; and secondly, nanopores, intensively exploited for developing fast and inexpensive technologies for DNA sequencing, a major research challenge in the field of biomedicine. In addition to nanopores, nanoslits and nanochannels allow interesting functionalities for the study, processing and sorting of DNA. For example, when a long DNA chain is forced to enter a nanochannel, it stretches, thus acquiring a conformation which allows its genetic information to be optically read. Herein, we have focused on various geometry-based strategies, involving short and long channels, as well as funnels and a series of pit nanostructures, integrated into polymeric lab-on-a-chip models. We have implemented these miniaturized systems in order to study, at single molecule level, the typical conformations of DNA chains in various nano-confinement conditions whilst also observing the dynamic behavior of the long strands in crossing structures with different cross sections. In fact, by taking advantage of polydimethylsiloxane's elasticity, we have developed a strategy for modulating the translocation dynamics of single molecules crossing a nanochannel. Lastly, we have investigated on important applications for life and material sciences of the recent innovative tool which counts and recognizes nanoparticles through a new simultaneous optical and electrical sensing method.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/900910
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