Traditional car sharing systems are round-trip and require advance reservations. The advances of ICT and vehicle automation allow to improve car sharing sys-tems and to provide users with greater flexibility. As it concerns reservation, new car sharing systems offer users open-ended reservation and/or instant access. As it concerns the trip typology, new car sharing systems are multiple station shared vehicle systems (MSSVS). Roundtrips still occur in this type of system, however there is a large number of one-way trips made between the multiple stations. Operating an MSSVS is much more difficult than operating a round-trip shared vehicle systems. The problem is that the system can quickly become imbalanced with respect to the number of vehicles at the multiple stations. These systems are called new (or second) generation car sharing systems. Third generation systems are the last being developed; in these systems vehicles can be accessed at any point of the area. An overview of all these car sharing systems is provided in this paper.
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|Titolo:||Car-sharing relocation strategies: a state of the art|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02.01 - Contributo in volume (Capitolo o saggio)|