We report the results of preliminary field and laboratory multidisciplinary investigations developed during the geological mapping of the 1:50,000 Spigno Monferrato quadrangle (Project of Geological mapping, Regione Liguria); this study was aimed: (1) to georefer and classify meta-ophiolitic outcrops, not only on the basis of the occurrence of asbestos-bearing rocks, but also with regard to the potential risks induced by the release of asbestos fibers into the environment; (2) to test a pilot protocol for the selection and classification of the most significant asbestos-bearing outcrops in meta-ophiolitic terrains. The results indicate that asbestos minerals occur widely in serpentinite (chrysotile) and to lesser extent in chlorite-amphibole schist and amphibole-bearing metabasite (mainly tremolite, actinolite, and riebeckite). The highest asbestos fiber concentrations in the studied rocks and their potential to be released are strictly related to the tectonic fabric of the host rocks, with mylonitic and cataclastic zones representing the worst scenario. As mylonitic and cataclastic rocks along shear and fault zones are mostly foliated and brecciated, they represent critical sites for accelerated erosion. Hence, their exposure to weathering and physical erosion commonly determines the natural release of asbestos fibers and fiber-bundles that accumulate in the debris at the foot of the outcrops and in the derived soils.
|Titolo:||The asbestos risk in meta-ophiolitic rocks: a protocol for preliminary field and laboratory investigations during geological mapping|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||02.01 - Contributo in volume (Capitolo o saggio)|