Tunnels have long been used for speeding up road and rail connections between places separated by natural barriers and for reducing traffic congestion in urban areas. Not surprisingly, Italy with its particular orography and geographic position, has the largest tunnel length in Europe. In recent years serious accidents such as the fires in the Mont Blanc, Gotthard and Tauern tunnels have led to increasing attention to safety in tunnels. The transport of dangerous substances (inflammable and toxic) by road and rail is widespread in Italy and incidents involving this type of transport present an additional serious problem. Even if the last two decades have often seen drops in road accidents and a consistently high level of safety, recent accidents have shown that some types of commercial products, depending on their chemical composition, can cause large fires with severe evolving scenarios. The objectives of the present paper are the experimental determination of thermal profiles inside and outside the gallery, under different thermal power emission and the qualitative and quantitative determination of toxic compounds of smoke from burning vehicles in a tunnel. Experimental techniques used to measure compounds from fire range in size from bench-top apparatus for testing small specimens, up to full scale tests. Regardless of the scale, it is important that fire reaction runs are carried out in conditions that closely replicate the type of fire to which the vehicle could be exposed. In particular, one of the main results of this work lies in providing an effective and reliable analytical methodology to optimize the analysis of toxic compounds of interest in tunnel fire scenarios.

Experimental study on thermal and toxic hazards connected to different accident scenarios in road tunnels.

PALAZZI, EMILIO;FABIANO, BRUNO
2010-01-01

Abstract

Tunnels have long been used for speeding up road and rail connections between places separated by natural barriers and for reducing traffic congestion in urban areas. Not surprisingly, Italy with its particular orography and geographic position, has the largest tunnel length in Europe. In recent years serious accidents such as the fires in the Mont Blanc, Gotthard and Tauern tunnels have led to increasing attention to safety in tunnels. The transport of dangerous substances (inflammable and toxic) by road and rail is widespread in Italy and incidents involving this type of transport present an additional serious problem. Even if the last two decades have often seen drops in road accidents and a consistently high level of safety, recent accidents have shown that some types of commercial products, depending on their chemical composition, can cause large fires with severe evolving scenarios. The objectives of the present paper are the experimental determination of thermal profiles inside and outside the gallery, under different thermal power emission and the qualitative and quantitative determination of toxic compounds of smoke from burning vehicles in a tunnel. Experimental techniques used to measure compounds from fire range in size from bench-top apparatus for testing small specimens, up to full scale tests. Regardless of the scale, it is important that fire reaction runs are carried out in conditions that closely replicate the type of fire to which the vehicle could be exposed. In particular, one of the main results of this work lies in providing an effective and reliable analytical methodology to optimize the analysis of toxic compounds of interest in tunnel fire scenarios.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/312446
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