This work is based on a complete hybrid system emulator test rig developed at the University of Genoa (Savona laboratory) by the Thermochemical Power Group (TPG). The plant is mainly composed of a 100 kW recuperated micro gas turbine coupled with both anodic and a cathodic vessels for high temperature fuel cell emulation. The test rig was recently equipped with a realtime model to emulate components not physically present in the laboratory (SOFC block, reformer, anodic circuit, off-gas burner, cathodic blower). This model is used to completely evaluate thermodynamic and electrochemical performance related to solid oxide fuel cell systems. It generates (through a UDP based connection with the test rig control and acquisition software) a real-time hardwarein- the-loop (HIL) facility for hybrid system emulation. Temperature, pressure and air mass flow rate at recuperator outlet (downstream of the compressor) and rotational speed of the machine are inputs from the plant to the model. The turbine outlet temperature (TOT) calculated by the model is fed to the machine control system and the turbine electric load is moved to match the model TOT values. In this work different tests were carried out to characterize the interaction between the experimental plant and the real-time model; double step and double ramp tests of current and fuel provided the dynamic response of the system. The control system proved to be fast, compared to the slow thermal response of the SOFC stack, and reliable. The hybrid systems operated at 90% of nominal power with about 56% of electrical efficiency based on natural gas LHV.
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|Titolo:||Test Rig for Physical Emulation of a 0.5 MW Pressurized SOFC Hybrid System|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.02 - Abstract in atti di convegno|