The book explores the places and areas within which, at the beginning of the modern age, the favorable conditions for the rise of a particular sensibility to a European culture were created. Culture was capable of favoring explicit references to the existence, claim, demand and protection of the inalienable rights of the human being. As a result of the ancient Greek and Roman philosophical debate, through the elaboration of medieval Christianity, the Renaissance culture developed the concept of a new anthropology based on the fundamental idea of dignitas that, even when not explicit, informed the special themes of the Renaissance (History and freedom, human education and political education, condicio hominis, dignity of women, political utopia) developed by the most important thinkers of the time (Valla, Vasari, Manetti, Pico, Agrippa, Erasmus, More among the most important ones). As regards the "twisting" paths of the practice, the main changes that occurred between the 15th and 16th centuries (discovery of the New World, religious reformation, rise and development of modern states) operated as agents of modernity also in terms of the rise of rights claims. From the debate about the nature of American Indians who accompanied the Conquest to the Leyes nuevas of Charles V, from the complex relationship between tolerance and intolerance in the Calvinist experience to the social demands expressed during the "Peasants' War", from the renovated appearance of absolutist tendencies to the rise of an ideology of power and sovereignty also based on the image of justice, the early modern history was crucial to the success of the basic principles that, over the following centuries until the Enlightenment and beyond, would inform the extensive debate and the complex affirmation of human rights in the European culture and politics. The most important events of the period clearly show that, if rights come from wrongs ("Rights from the Wrongs", A. Dershowitz), their claim is made possible only in the presence of a culture of law and justice that, although initially latent, was starting to inform the cultural, political, philosophical and legal Early Modern age (Rights from the Right).

Alle origini dei diritti dell'uomo. Cultura della dignità e dei diritti tra XV e XVI secolo

REPETTI, RENZO
2010-01-01

Abstract

The book explores the places and areas within which, at the beginning of the modern age, the favorable conditions for the rise of a particular sensibility to a European culture were created. Culture was capable of favoring explicit references to the existence, claim, demand and protection of the inalienable rights of the human being. As a result of the ancient Greek and Roman philosophical debate, through the elaboration of medieval Christianity, the Renaissance culture developed the concept of a new anthropology based on the fundamental idea of dignitas that, even when not explicit, informed the special themes of the Renaissance (History and freedom, human education and political education, condicio hominis, dignity of women, political utopia) developed by the most important thinkers of the time (Valla, Vasari, Manetti, Pico, Agrippa, Erasmus, More among the most important ones). As regards the "twisting" paths of the practice, the main changes that occurred between the 15th and 16th centuries (discovery of the New World, religious reformation, rise and development of modern states) operated as agents of modernity also in terms of the rise of rights claims. From the debate about the nature of American Indians who accompanied the Conquest to the Leyes nuevas of Charles V, from the complex relationship between tolerance and intolerance in the Calvinist experience to the social demands expressed during the "Peasants' War", from the renovated appearance of absolutist tendencies to the rise of an ideology of power and sovereignty also based on the image of justice, the early modern history was crucial to the success of the basic principles that, over the following centuries until the Enlightenment and beyond, would inform the extensive debate and the complex affirmation of human rights in the European culture and politics. The most important events of the period clearly show that, if rights come from wrongs ("Rights from the Wrongs", A. Dershowitz), their claim is made possible only in the presence of a culture of law and justice that, although initially latent, was starting to inform the cultural, political, philosophical and legal Early Modern age (Rights from the Right).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/256574
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