Seismology, satellite-magnetic and aeromagnetic data, and sparse MT provide the only available geophysical proxies for large parts of Antarctica’s Geothermal Heat Flux (GHF) due to the sparseness of direct measurements. However, these geophysical methods have yielded significantly different GHF estimates. This restricts our knowledge of Antarctica’s contrasting tectono-thermal provinces and their influence on subglacial hydrology and ice sheet dynamics. For example, some models derived from aeromagnetic data predict remarkably high GHF in the interior of the West Antarctic Rift System (WARS), while other satellite magnetic and seismological models favour instead a significantly colder rift interior but higher GHF stretching from the Marie Byrd Land dome towards the Antarctic Peninsula, and beneath parts of the Transantarctic Mountains. Reconciling these differences in West Antarctica is imperative to better comprehend the degree to which the WARS influences the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, including thermal influences on GIA. Equally important, is quantifying geothermal heat flux variability in the generally colder but composite East Antarctic craton, especially beneath its giant marine-based basins. Here we present a new ESA project- 4D Antarctica that aims to better connect international Antarctic crust and lithosphere studies with GHF, and assess its influence on subglacial hydrology by analysing and modelling recent satellite and airborne geophysical datasets. The state of the art, hypotheses to test, and methodological approaches for five key study areas, including the Amundsen Sea Embayment, the Wilkes Subglacial Basin and the Totten catchment, the Recovery and Pensacola-Pole Basins and the Gamburtsev Sublgacial Mountains/East Antarctic Rift System are highlighted.

4D Antarctica: a new effort aims to help bridge the gap between Antarctic crust and lithosphere structure and geothermal heat flux

Ferraccioli F;Verdoya M;Armadillo E;
2020

Abstract

Seismology, satellite-magnetic and aeromagnetic data, and sparse MT provide the only available geophysical proxies for large parts of Antarctica’s Geothermal Heat Flux (GHF) due to the sparseness of direct measurements. However, these geophysical methods have yielded significantly different GHF estimates. This restricts our knowledge of Antarctica’s contrasting tectono-thermal provinces and their influence on subglacial hydrology and ice sheet dynamics. For example, some models derived from aeromagnetic data predict remarkably high GHF in the interior of the West Antarctic Rift System (WARS), while other satellite magnetic and seismological models favour instead a significantly colder rift interior but higher GHF stretching from the Marie Byrd Land dome towards the Antarctic Peninsula, and beneath parts of the Transantarctic Mountains. Reconciling these differences in West Antarctica is imperative to better comprehend the degree to which the WARS influences the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, including thermal influences on GIA. Equally important, is quantifying geothermal heat flux variability in the generally colder but composite East Antarctic craton, especially beneath its giant marine-based basins. Here we present a new ESA project- 4D Antarctica that aims to better connect international Antarctic crust and lithosphere studies with GHF, and assess its influence on subglacial hydrology by analysing and modelling recent satellite and airborne geophysical datasets. The state of the art, hypotheses to test, and methodological approaches for five key study areas, including the Amundsen Sea Embayment, the Wilkes Subglacial Basin and the Totten catchment, the Recovery and Pensacola-Pole Basins and the Gamburtsev Sublgacial Mountains/East Antarctic Rift System are highlighted.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1025659
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