Energy management and guidelines to digitalisation of integrated natural gas distribution systems equipped with expander technology


In a swirling dynamic interaction, digital innovation, environment and anthropological evolution are swiftly shaping the smart grid scenario. Integration and flexibility are the keywords in this emergent picture characterised by a low carbon footprint. Digitalisation, within the natural limits imposed by the thermodynamics, seems to offer excellent opportunities for these purposes. Of course, here starts a new challenge: how digital technologies should be employed to achieve these objectives? How would we ensure a digital retrofit does not lead to a carbon emission increase? In author opinion, as long as it remains a generalised question, none answer exists: the need to contextualise the issue emerges from the variety of the characteristics of the energy systems and from their interactions with external processes. To address these points, in the first part of this research, the author presented a collection of his research contributions to the topic related to the energy management in natural gas pressure reduction station equipped with turbo expander technology. Furthermore, starting from the state of the art and the author's previous research contributions, the guidelines for the digital retrofit for a specific kind of distributed energy system, were outlined. Finally, a possible configuration of the ideal ICT architecture is extracted. This aims to achieve a higher level of coordination involving, natural gas distribution and transportation, local energy production, thermal user integration and electric vehicles charging. Finally, the barriers and the risks of a digitalisation process are critically analysed outlining in this way future research needs.
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Descrizione: Tesi di Dottorato
Tipologia: Tesi di dottorato
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