Posterior cortex epilepsy surgery is rarely performed and is associated with a high number of surgical failures, partly because accurate localization of the epileptogenic zone in the posterior part of the brain is extremely difficult. We present the characteristics as well as the surgical outcome and its determinants of a cohort of 208 consecutive patients (adults/children: 125/83) operated on for drug-resistant posterior cortex epilepsy at the “Claudio Munari” Epilepsy Surgery Centre, Milan between May 1996 and May 2013 (mean postsurgical follow-up: 9.6 years). In addition, we highlight the differences in anatomoelectroclinical features and outcome between (i) patients who necessitated an invasive preoperative evaluation and those who proceeded directly to surgery and (ii) adults and children. Mean age at epilepsy onset was 6.8 years (91.4% with onset before 14 years of age). A high seizure frequency was reported by 51% of subjects, interictal and ictal EEG features were localizing in 16% and 28% of cases, and 86% of patients had a positive, judged as more or less informative, MRI. Invasive presurgical evaluation by stereoelectroencephalography was performed in 54% of patients; explorations may schematically be grouped in three main implantation patterns. Globally, 70% of subjects achieved seizure freedom, and further, 10% achieved Engel class II, with the patients operated on in childhood achieving significantly better postsurgical results in terms of seizure freedom and drug discontinuation. Duration of epilepsy represented the most consistent predictor of surgical outcome, with early surgery being correlated with higher chances of surgical success. Therefore, we recommend an early surgical referral in cases of pharmacoresistant posterior cortex seizures. Furthermore, we suggest that surgical failure might be predicted very early, namely within the first 6 postoperative months. We conclude that surgical management of posterior cortex epilepsy may attain excellent results.
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|Titolo:||Epilepsy surgery in the posterior part of the brain|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|