Background/Aims: The importance of copper in the metabolism of cancer cells has been widely studied in the last 20 years and a clear-cut association between copper levels and cancer deregulation has been established. Copper-64, emitting positrons and Î²-radiations, is indicated for the labeling of a large number of molecules suitable for radionuclide imaging as well as radionuclide therapy. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the CNS tumor with the worse prognosis, characterized by high number of recurrences and strong resistance to chemo-radio therapy, strongly affecting patients survival. We have recently discovered and studied the small molecule SI113, as inhibitor of SGK1, a serine/threonine protein kinase, that affects several neoplastic phenotypes and signaling cascades. The SI113-dependent SGK1 inhibition induces cell death, blocks proliferation, perturbs cell cycle progression and restores chemo-radio sensibility by modulating SGK1-related substrates. In the present paper we aim to characterize the combined effects of64CuCl2and SI113 on human GBM cell lines with variable p53 expression. Methods: Cell viability, cell death and stress/authopagic related pathways were then analyzed by FACS and WB-based assays, after exposure to SI113 and/or64CuCl2. Results: We demonstrate here, that i)64CuCl2is able to induce a time and dose dependent modulation of cell viability (with different IC50values) in highly malignant gliomas and that the co-treatment with SI113 leads to ii) additive/synergistic effects in terms of cell death; iii) enhancement of the effects of ionizing radiations, probably by a TRC1 modulation; iv) modulation of the autophagic response. Conclusions: Evidence reported here underlines the therapeutic potential of the combined treatment with SI113 and64CuCl2in GBM cells.
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|Titolo:||The SGK1 Kinase Inhibitor SI113 Sensitizes Theranostic Effects of the64CuCl2in Human Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|