Introduction: A long-acting, injected, carbohydrate-microsphere preparation of risperidone (RLAI; Risperdal Consta®) is reported to be safe and effective in chronic psychotic illnesses but, as its long-term and comparative efficacy remain unclear, this study compared clinical status during oral antipsychotic treatment versus conversion to RLAI. Methods: Psychotic patients (n=88; initial BPRS=93±5) were treated for 6 months with clinically chosen oral medication and then converted to biweekly RLAI for the first 6 months (66 months matched mirror comparison) and then for another 18 months. Clinical status in the two treatment periods and in the 18 months of follow-up was compared with measures including BPRS improvement (primary outcome), CGI variants and SF-36 ratings. Results: RLAI (at a mean dose of 47mg/2 weeks at six and up to 23.1±3.3 months) was associated with major improvements in all outcome measures (p<0.001). Initial BPRS scores fell by an average of 50% within six months; hospitalizations declined from 19.8% to 0%, and rates of adverse events were reduced by 2.5- to 7.4-fold. Such benefits were sustained during 18 months of follow-up with RLAI-treatment. Conclusions: The findings are limited by the lack of a parallel control treatment, such as with oral risperidone or another antipsychotic, lack of blinded assessments, and a moderate number of subjects. Nevertheless, the findings add to indications that RLAI can be an effective and well-tolerated treatment-option for chronically psychotic patients. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart - New York.
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|Titolo:||Prospective, open study of long-acting injected risperidone versus oral antipsychotics in 88 chronically psychotic Patients|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|