Background: During the past two decades, many nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) inhibitors were prepared and tested because this enzyme is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. Although FK866 is a well-known, strong NAMPT inhibitor, it suffers severe drawbacks. Objective: Our work aimed to synthesize efficient NAMPT inhibitors featuring better pharmacokinetic properties than the pyridine-containing FK866. To this aim, the new anticancer agents were based on benzene, pyridazine, or benzothiazole moieties as a cap group instead of the pyridine unit found in FK866 and other NAMPT inhibitors. Methods: The new compounds, prepared exploiting standard heterocycle chemistry and coupling reactions (e.g., formation of amides, ureas, and cyanoguanidines, copper-mediated azide-alkyne cycloaddition), have been fully characterized using NMR and HRMS analyses. Their activity has been evaluated using cytotoxicity and intracellular NAD depletion assays in the human pancreatic cancer cell line MiaPaCa-2. Results: Among the 14 products obtained, compound 28, bearing a pyridazine unit as the cap group and a thiophene moiety as the tail group, showed 6.7 nanomolar inhibition activity in the intracellular NAD depletion assay and 43 nanomolar inhibition in the MiaPaCa-2 cells cytotoxicity assay, comparable to that observed for FK866. Conclusion: The positive results observed for some newly synthesized molecules, particularly those carrying a thiophene unit as a tail group, indicate that they could act as in vivo anti-pancreatic cancer agents.

New Analogues of the Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase Inhibitor FK866 as Potential Anti-Pancreatic Cancer Agents

Benzi, Andrea;Caffa, Irene;Bruzzone, Santina;Nencioni, Alessio;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: During the past two decades, many nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) inhibitors were prepared and tested because this enzyme is overexpressed in pancreatic cancer. Although FK866 is a well-known, strong NAMPT inhibitor, it suffers severe drawbacks. Objective: Our work aimed to synthesize efficient NAMPT inhibitors featuring better pharmacokinetic properties than the pyridine-containing FK866. To this aim, the new anticancer agents were based on benzene, pyridazine, or benzothiazole moieties as a cap group instead of the pyridine unit found in FK866 and other NAMPT inhibitors. Methods: The new compounds, prepared exploiting standard heterocycle chemistry and coupling reactions (e.g., formation of amides, ureas, and cyanoguanidines, copper-mediated azide-alkyne cycloaddition), have been fully characterized using NMR and HRMS analyses. Their activity has been evaluated using cytotoxicity and intracellular NAD depletion assays in the human pancreatic cancer cell line MiaPaCa-2. Results: Among the 14 products obtained, compound 28, bearing a pyridazine unit as the cap group and a thiophene moiety as the tail group, showed 6.7 nanomolar inhibition activity in the intracellular NAD depletion assay and 43 nanomolar inhibition in the MiaPaCa-2 cells cytotoxicity assay, comparable to that observed for FK866. Conclusion: The positive results observed for some newly synthesized molecules, particularly those carrying a thiophene unit as a tail group, indicate that they could act as in vivo anti-pancreatic cancer agents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1174835
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