Thunderstorm is a severe phenomenon which can produce downburst winds capable for causing significant damage or even the collapse of low-rise structures. Experimental tests and numerical simulations are widely used by the Wind Engineering (WE) community for gaining increased understanding of complex winds like downbursts. In this paper, the accuracy of the Unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) and ScaleAdaptive Simulation (SAS) to reproduce a vertical downburst wind - previously tested in the WindEEE Dome wind-simulator facility - was investigated. CFD results were first validated with the experiments and then used to study the dynamics of the phenomenon. The most suitable CFD setting (i.e. SAS case based on the k-ω SST turbulence model) was able to reproduce the development of the primary vortex ring, shedding of secondary rings induced by Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instabilities and the periodic detachments of smaller secondary vortices ahead the primary vortex. The superposition of these three contributions has shown to determine the temporal variation of the characteristic nose-shaped vertical profile which was found in the experiments. The performed simulations were also compared to field measurements from the NIMROD project showing a high level of agreement.

CFD analysis of the WindEEE dome produced downburst-like winds

J. Zuzul;Alessio Ricci;Massimiliano Burlando;Giovanni Solari
2023-01-01

Abstract

Thunderstorm is a severe phenomenon which can produce downburst winds capable for causing significant damage or even the collapse of low-rise structures. Experimental tests and numerical simulations are widely used by the Wind Engineering (WE) community for gaining increased understanding of complex winds like downbursts. In this paper, the accuracy of the Unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) and ScaleAdaptive Simulation (SAS) to reproduce a vertical downburst wind - previously tested in the WindEEE Dome wind-simulator facility - was investigated. CFD results were first validated with the experiments and then used to study the dynamics of the phenomenon. The most suitable CFD setting (i.e. SAS case based on the k-ω SST turbulence model) was able to reproduce the development of the primary vortex ring, shedding of secondary rings induced by Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) instabilities and the periodic detachments of smaller secondary vortices ahead the primary vortex. The superposition of these three contributions has shown to determine the temporal variation of the characteristic nose-shaped vertical profile which was found in the experiments. The performed simulations were also compared to field measurements from the NIMROD project showing a high level of agreement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1103060
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