Background The presence of peripheral blasts (PB) is a negative prognostic factor in patients with primary and secondary myelofibrosis (MF) and PB >= 4% was associated with a particularly unfavorable prognosis. Ruxolitinib (RUX) is the JAK1/2 inhibitor most used for treatment of MF-related splenomegaly and symptoms. Its role has not been assessed in correlation with PB. Methods In 794 chronic-phase MF patients treated with RUX, we evaluated the impact of baseline percentage of PB on response (spleen and symptoms responses) and outcome (RUX discontinuation-free, leukemia-free, and overall survival). Three subgroups were compared: PB-0 (no PB, 61.3%), PB-4 (PB 1%-4%, 33.5%), and PB-9 (PB 5%-9%, 5.2%). Results At 3 and 6 months, spleen responses were less frequently achieved by PB-4 (P = .001) and PB-9 (P = .004) compared to PB-0 patients. RUX discontinuation-free, leukemia-free, and overall survival were also worse for PB-4 and PB-9 patients (P = .001, P = .002, and P < .001, respectively). Conclusions Personalized approaches beyond RUX monotherapy may be useful in PB-4 and particularly in PB-9 patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.