Objectives: We assessed the potential role of T2Candida MR (T2MR) and serological biomarkers [b-D-glucan (BDG) or Candida albicans germtube antibodies (CAGTA)], alone or in combination with standard cultures, for identifying patients with suspected invasive candidiasis (IC),whomay benefit frommaintaining antifungal therapy. Methods: Prospective observational multicentre study including all adult patients receiving empirical antifungal therapy for suspected IC, from January to June 2017. CAGTA, BDG and T2MR were determined at baseline and at +2 and +4 days after enrolment. Primary endpoint was the diagnostic value of CAGTA, BDG and T2MR, alone or in combination with standard culture, to predict diagnosis of IC and/or mortality in the first 7 days after starting antifungal therapy (poor outcome). Results: Overall, 14/49 patients (28.6%) had a poor outcome (7 died within the first 7 days of antifungal therapy, whereas 7 ended with a diagnosis of IC). CAGTA [3/14 (21.4%) versus 8/35 (22.9%), P = 1] and BDG [8/14 (57.1%) versus 17/35 (48.6%), P = 0.75] results were similar in poor- and good-outcome patients. Conversely, a positive T2MR was associated with a higher risk of poor outcome [5/14 (35.7%) versus 0/35 (0.0%) P = 0.0001]. Specificity and positive predictive value of a positive T2MR for predicting poor outcome were both 100%, with a negative predictive value of 79.6%. After testing the combinations of biomarkers/standard cultures and T2MR/standard cultures, the combination of T2MR/standard cultures showed a high capacity to discriminate patients with poor outcome fromthose with good clinical evolution. Conclusions: T2MR may be of significant utility to identify patients who may benefit frommaintaining antifungal therapy.

T2Candida MR as a predictor of outcome in patients with suspected invasive candidiasis starting empirical antifungal treatment: A prospective pilot study

Vena A.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: We assessed the potential role of T2Candida MR (T2MR) and serological biomarkers [b-D-glucan (BDG) or Candida albicans germtube antibodies (CAGTA)], alone or in combination with standard cultures, for identifying patients with suspected invasive candidiasis (IC),whomay benefit frommaintaining antifungal therapy. Methods: Prospective observational multicentre study including all adult patients receiving empirical antifungal therapy for suspected IC, from January to June 2017. CAGTA, BDG and T2MR were determined at baseline and at +2 and +4 days after enrolment. Primary endpoint was the diagnostic value of CAGTA, BDG and T2MR, alone or in combination with standard culture, to predict diagnosis of IC and/or mortality in the first 7 days after starting antifungal therapy (poor outcome). Results: Overall, 14/49 patients (28.6%) had a poor outcome (7 died within the first 7 days of antifungal therapy, whereas 7 ended with a diagnosis of IC). CAGTA [3/14 (21.4%) versus 8/35 (22.9%), P = 1] and BDG [8/14 (57.1%) versus 17/35 (48.6%), P = 0.75] results were similar in poor- and good-outcome patients. Conversely, a positive T2MR was associated with a higher risk of poor outcome [5/14 (35.7%) versus 0/35 (0.0%) P = 0.0001]. Specificity and positive predictive value of a positive T2MR for predicting poor outcome were both 100%, with a negative predictive value of 79.6%. After testing the combinations of biomarkers/standard cultures and T2MR/standard cultures, the combination of T2MR/standard cultures showed a high capacity to discriminate patients with poor outcome fromthose with good clinical evolution. Conclusions: T2MR may be of significant utility to identify patients who may benefit frommaintaining antifungal therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1095277
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