Endocrine therapy represents the gold standard for the adjuvant treatment of luminal-like early breast cancer, but its personalization is still a major point of debate. To define the most appropriate therapeutic strategy, both the patient's menopausal status at the moment of diagnosis and the individual risk of disease recurrence should be taken into account. Five years of therapy with tamoxifen represent the standard of care for low-risk pre/perimenopausal patients, whilst the combination of ovarian suppression with tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor should be considered for high-risk patients. Also, to high-risk patients, an extended strategy can be proposed. Postmenopausal patients, instead, should receive an upfront aromatase inhibitor and an extended strategy can be considered for a high risk of disease recurrence. Aim of this review is to set a focus on the major studies investigating the optimal type and duration of adjuvant endocrine therapy and evaluate emerging options.

Tailoring adjuvant endocrine therapy in early breast cancer: When, how, and how long?

Del Mastro, Lucia;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Endocrine therapy represents the gold standard for the adjuvant treatment of luminal-like early breast cancer, but its personalization is still a major point of debate. To define the most appropriate therapeutic strategy, both the patient's menopausal status at the moment of diagnosis and the individual risk of disease recurrence should be taken into account. Five years of therapy with tamoxifen represent the standard of care for low-risk pre/perimenopausal patients, whilst the combination of ovarian suppression with tamoxifen or an aromatase inhibitor should be considered for high-risk patients. Also, to high-risk patients, an extended strategy can be proposed. Postmenopausal patients, instead, should receive an upfront aromatase inhibitor and an extended strategy can be considered for a high risk of disease recurrence. Aim of this review is to set a focus on the major studies investigating the optimal type and duration of adjuvant endocrine therapy and evaluate emerging options.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1094358
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