Aim of this study was to assess the predictors of virological failure (VF) among patients living with HIV (PLWHIV) switching from an effective first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen, and to evaluate the emergence of resistance-associated mutations. All adult patients enrolled in the Antiviral Response Cohort Analysis cohort who started ART after 2010, with at least 6 months of virological suppression (VS) before ART switch and with an available genotypic resistance test (GRT) at baseline were included. Thirty-two patients out of the 607 PLWHIV included (5.3%) experienced VF after a median of 11 months from ART switch. Younger age (adjusted Hazard Ratio [aHR] 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-0.99, p = .023), being male who have sex with male (aHR 0.15, 95% CI 0.03-0.69, p = .014), and longer time from VS to ART switch (aHR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95-1.00, p = .021) resulted protective toward VF, while receiving a first-line regimen containing a backbone other than ABC/3TC or TXF/FTC (aHR 3.61, 95% CI 1.00-13.1, p = .050) and a boosted protease inhibitor as anchor drug (aHR 3.34, 95% CI 1.20-9.28, p = .021) were associated with higher risk of VF. GRT at the moment of VF was available only for 13 patients (40.6%). ART switch in patients with stable control of HIV infection is a safe practice, even if particular attention should be paid in certain cases of patients switching from regimens containing low-performance backbones or protease inhibitors.

Predictors of Virological Failure Among People Living with HIV Switching from an Effective First-Line Antiretroviral Regimen

Di Biagio, Antonio
2022

Abstract

Aim of this study was to assess the predictors of virological failure (VF) among patients living with HIV (PLWHIV) switching from an effective first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen, and to evaluate the emergence of resistance-associated mutations. All adult patients enrolled in the Antiviral Response Cohort Analysis cohort who started ART after 2010, with at least 6 months of virological suppression (VS) before ART switch and with an available genotypic resistance test (GRT) at baseline were included. Thirty-two patients out of the 607 PLWHIV included (5.3%) experienced VF after a median of 11 months from ART switch. Younger age (adjusted Hazard Ratio [aHR] 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-0.99, p = .023), being male who have sex with male (aHR 0.15, 95% CI 0.03-0.69, p = .014), and longer time from VS to ART switch (aHR 0.97, 95% CI 0.95-1.00, p = .021) resulted protective toward VF, while receiving a first-line regimen containing a backbone other than ABC/3TC or TXF/FTC (aHR 3.61, 95% CI 1.00-13.1, p = .050) and a boosted protease inhibitor as anchor drug (aHR 3.34, 95% CI 1.20-9.28, p = .021) were associated with higher risk of VF. GRT at the moment of VF was available only for 13 patients (40.6%). ART switch in patients with stable control of HIV infection is a safe practice, even if particular attention should be paid in certain cases of patients switching from regimens containing low-performance backbones or protease inhibitors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1086748
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