Developing learning methods which do not discriminate subgroups in the population is the central goal of algorithmic fairness. One way to reach this goal is to learn a data representation that is expressive enough to describe the data and fair enough to remove the possibility to discriminate subgroups when a model is learned leveraging on the learned representation. This problem is even more challenging when our data are graphs, which nowadays are ubiquitous and allow to model entities and relationships between them. In this work we measure fairness according to demographic parity, requiring the probability of the possible model decisions to be independent of the sensitive information. We investigate how to impose this constraint in the different layers of a deep graph neural network through the use of two different regularizers. The first one is based on a simple convex relaxation, and the second one inspired by a Wasserstein distance formulation of demographic parity. We present experiments on a real world dataset, showing the effectiveness of our proposal.

Learning deep fair graph neural networks

Oneto L.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Developing learning methods which do not discriminate subgroups in the population is the central goal of algorithmic fairness. One way to reach this goal is to learn a data representation that is expressive enough to describe the data and fair enough to remove the possibility to discriminate subgroups when a model is learned leveraging on the learned representation. This problem is even more challenging when our data are graphs, which nowadays are ubiquitous and allow to model entities and relationships between them. In this work we measure fairness according to demographic parity, requiring the probability of the possible model decisions to be independent of the sensitive information. We investigate how to impose this constraint in the different layers of a deep graph neural network through the use of two different regularizers. The first one is based on a simple convex relaxation, and the second one inspired by a Wasserstein distance formulation of demographic parity. We present experiments on a real world dataset, showing the effectiveness of our proposal.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ES2020-75.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Contributo in atti di convegno
Tipologia: Documento in versione editoriale
Dimensione 1.61 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.61 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1086648
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact