Tanzania is one of the several countries intersected by the East African Rift System (EARS) which is endowed by a geothermal potential that has been explored only to a limited extent. Here we present the first heat flux map over the region based on the Curie point depth (CPD) estimation from aeromagnetic data. We have estimated the base of magnetic sources as a proxy for the CPD from the radially average power spectra of the total magnetic field using the centroid and the de-fractal methods. Our results show that the CPDs range ca. 11 to 43 km and are comparable with the global CPD estimates but with more detail in our estimates. The heat flow has then been computed assuming a constant heat conductivity. In order to evaluate the results against crustal thickness, we have inverted the gravimetric regional field constrained by existing Moho depth from seismic receiver functions. Our analysis has revealed high heat flow values (over 100 mW/m2) along the EARS and at the Proterozoic collision boundaries that have been reactivated by the EARS. In general, the high heat flow anomalies coincide with the known surface geothermal manifestations and shallow Moho depth in the range ca. 30 to 35 km. A high heat flow anomaly is also found in the central part of the Tanzanian craton, likely related to the mantle plume imaged by seismic tomography. The most interesting areas for geothermal exploration in Tanzania, according to our results, are the EARS triple junction in the Rungwe volcanic province, the north Tanzania divergent zone and the areas of the Proterozoic collision boundaries reactivated by the EARS.

Regional thermal anomalies derived from magnetic spectral analysis and 3D gravity inversion: Implications of potential geothermal sites in Tanzania

Egidio Armadillo;
2022

Abstract

Tanzania is one of the several countries intersected by the East African Rift System (EARS) which is endowed by a geothermal potential that has been explored only to a limited extent. Here we present the first heat flux map over the region based on the Curie point depth (CPD) estimation from aeromagnetic data. We have estimated the base of magnetic sources as a proxy for the CPD from the radially average power spectra of the total magnetic field using the centroid and the de-fractal methods. Our results show that the CPDs range ca. 11 to 43 km and are comparable with the global CPD estimates but with more detail in our estimates. The heat flow has then been computed assuming a constant heat conductivity. In order to evaluate the results against crustal thickness, we have inverted the gravimetric regional field constrained by existing Moho depth from seismic receiver functions. Our analysis has revealed high heat flow values (over 100 mW/m2) along the EARS and at the Proterozoic collision boundaries that have been reactivated by the EARS. In general, the high heat flow anomalies coincide with the known surface geothermal manifestations and shallow Moho depth in the range ca. 30 to 35 km. A high heat flow anomaly is also found in the central part of the Tanzanian craton, likely related to the mantle plume imaged by seismic tomography. The most interesting areas for geothermal exploration in Tanzania, according to our results, are the EARS triple junction in the Rungwe volcanic province, the north Tanzania divergent zone and the areas of the Proterozoic collision boundaries reactivated by the EARS.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1082276
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