We perform a cosmographic analysis using several cosmological observables such as the luminosity distance moduli, the volume distance, the angular diameter distance and the Hubble parameter. These quantities are determined using different data sets: supernovae type Ia and gamma ray bursts, the baryonic acoustic oscillations, the cosmic microwave background power spectrum and the Hubble parameter as measured from surveys of galaxies. This data set allows us to put constraints on the cosmographic expansion with unprecedented precision. We also present forecasts for the coefficients of the kinematic expansion using future but realistic data sets: constraints on the coefficients of the expansions are likely to improve by a factor of 10 with the upcoming large scale structure probes. Finally, we derive the set of the cosmographic parameters for several cosmological models (including ΛCDM) and compare them with our best fit set. While distance measurements are unable to discriminate among these models, we show that the inclusion of the Hubble data set leads to strong constraints on the lowest order coefficients and, in particular, it is incompatible with ΛCDM at 3-σ confidence level. We discuss the reliability of this determination and suggest further observations which might be of crucial importance for the viability of cosmographic tests in the future. © 2012 American Physical Society.
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|Titolo:||Cosmography beyond standard candles and rulers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 - Articolo su rivista|