This paper presents an extension of impedance control of robots based on fractional cal-culus. In classical impedance control, the end-effector reactions are proportional to the end-effector position errors through the stiffness matrix K, while damping is proportional to the first-order time-derivative of the end-effector coordinate errors through the damping matrix D. In the proposed approach, a half-derivative damping is added, proportional to the half-order time-derivative of the end-effector coordinate errors through the half-derivative damping matrix HD. The discrete-time digital implementation of the half-order derivative alters the steady-state behavior, in which only the stiffness term should be present. Consequently, a compensation method is proposed, and its effectiveness is validated by multibody simulation on a 3-PUU parallel robot. The proposed approach can be considered the extension to MIMO robotic systems of the PDD1/2 control scheme for SISO mechatronic systems, with potential benefits in the transient response performance.

Application of the Half-Order Derivative to Impedance Control of the 3-PUU Parallel Robot

Luca Bruzzone;Pietro Fanghella;
2022

Abstract

This paper presents an extension of impedance control of robots based on fractional cal-culus. In classical impedance control, the end-effector reactions are proportional to the end-effector position errors through the stiffness matrix K, while damping is proportional to the first-order time-derivative of the end-effector coordinate errors through the damping matrix D. In the proposed approach, a half-derivative damping is added, proportional to the half-order time-derivative of the end-effector coordinate errors through the half-derivative damping matrix HD. The discrete-time digital implementation of the half-order derivative alters the steady-state behavior, in which only the stiffness term should be present. Consequently, a compensation method is proposed, and its effectiveness is validated by multibody simulation on a 3-PUU parallel robot. The proposed approach can be considered the extension to MIMO robotic systems of the PDD1/2 control scheme for SISO mechatronic systems, with potential benefits in the transient response performance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1075571
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