Through the reading of some of the most important specula composed between the 15th and the 16th centuries, this article aims at analysing the changes in the concept of virtue between the late Middle Ages and the early modern period, by observing its semantic shifts and deviations of meaning from the classic model of areté. Therefore, it analyses the virtues typical of the figure of the king in the treatises by Giovanni Pontano, Bartolomeo Sacchi, and Francisco Patrizi, to then proceed to the reading of The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli who, in 1513, created his most famous treatise by adopting the humanist style of the speculum. The article therefore points out that, even though Machiavelli did not completely abdica-te the classical concept of areté, and still followed the previous tradition, he renounced to keep the bond that joined all virtues, inevitably leading to a semantic and ontological emptying of the very concept of virtue, to hand over to modernity a “debal” and frag-mented virtue, more flexible and adaptable to the changing political scenario.

Vicisitudes y peripecias del concepto de virtud entre el siglo XV y XVI en los specula principum

simona langella
2021

Abstract

Through the reading of some of the most important specula composed between the 15th and the 16th centuries, this article aims at analysing the changes in the concept of virtue between the late Middle Ages and the early modern period, by observing its semantic shifts and deviations of meaning from the classic model of areté. Therefore, it analyses the virtues typical of the figure of the king in the treatises by Giovanni Pontano, Bartolomeo Sacchi, and Francisco Patrizi, to then proceed to the reading of The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli who, in 1513, created his most famous treatise by adopting the humanist style of the speculum. The article therefore points out that, even though Machiavelli did not completely abdica-te the classical concept of areté, and still followed the previous tradition, he renounced to keep the bond that joined all virtues, inevitably leading to a semantic and ontological emptying of the very concept of virtue, to hand over to modernity a “debal” and frag-mented virtue, more flexible and adaptable to the changing political scenario.
El articulo quiere, a través de la lectura de algunos entre los más importantes specula compuestos entre los siglos XV y XVI, rastrear la parábola del concepto de virtud entre el fin del Medioevo y la primera edad moderna observando sus deslizamientos semánti-cos y las deviaciones de significado respecto al modelo clásico de areté. Se analizan, por tanto, en los tratados de Giovanni Pontano, de Bartolomeo Sacchi, lla-mado Plàtina, y de Francisco Patrizi las virtudes proprias de la figura del rey para acabar con la lectura del Príncipe de Maquiavelo, quien con la adopción del estilo propiamente humanista del speculum da forma en 1513 a su tratado más famoso. Se demuestra así que Maquiavelo, aunque no abdica completamente del concepto clásico de areté, y aún se mueve a raíz de la tradición anterior, sin embargo, renuncia a mantener el vínculo que unía todas las virtudes entre ellas, en razón de su pesimismo antropológi-co, conduciendo inevitablemente a un vaciamiento semántico y ontológico del concepto mismo de virtud, para entregar a la modernidad una virtud débil y fragmentada, más flexible y adaptable al cambiante escenario político.
978-3-631-82331-6
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11567/1069742
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact