Two commercial ferritic stainless steels (FSSs), referred to as Steel A and Steel B, designed for specific high-temperature applications, were tested in static air for 2000 h at 750 °C to evaluate their potential as base materials for interconnects (ICs) in Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell stacks (IT-SOFCs). Their oxidation behavior was studied through weight gain and Area Specific Resistance (ASR) measurements. Additionally, the oxide scales developed on their surfaces were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (μ-RS), Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The evolution of oxide composition, structure, and electrical conductivity in response to aging was determined. Comparing the results with those on AISI 441 FSS, steels A and B showed a comparable weight gain but higher ASR values that are required by the application. According to the authors, Steel A and B compositions need an adjustment (i.e., a plain substitution of the elements which form insulant oxides or a marginal modification in their content) to form a thermally grown oxide (TGO) with the acceptable ASR level.

On the high-temperature oxidation and area specific resistance of new commercial ferritic stainless steels

Bongiorno V.;Spotorno R.;Paravidino D.;Piccardo P.
2021

Abstract

Two commercial ferritic stainless steels (FSSs), referred to as Steel A and Steel B, designed for specific high-temperature applications, were tested in static air for 2000 h at 750 °C to evaluate their potential as base materials for interconnects (ICs) in Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell stacks (IT-SOFCs). Their oxidation behavior was studied through weight gain and Area Specific Resistance (ASR) measurements. Additionally, the oxide scales developed on their surfaces were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Micro-Raman Spectroscopy (μ-RS), Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). The evolution of oxide composition, structure, and electrical conductivity in response to aging was determined. Comparing the results with those on AISI 441 FSS, steels A and B showed a comparable weight gain but higher ASR values that are required by the application. According to the authors, Steel A and B compositions need an adjustment (i.e., a plain substitution of the elements which form insulant oxides or a marginal modification in their content) to form a thermally grown oxide (TGO) with the acceptable ASR level.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11567/1048605
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